Diabetes is a long-term, possibly fatal disease in which the body loses the capacity to manufacture insulin or begins to produce or use insulin inefficiently. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are two related diseases that influence how the body uses insulin. While type 1 is more common in children and adolescents, both forms can affect them.
Quick stats – According to the National Diabetes Statistics Report 2020, Diabetes affects about 210,000 children and teens under the age of twenty in the U. S. A.
Younger people or children who have diabetes are at a greater risk of developing health problems later in life. The signs, causes, and treatment options for Diabetes in children and adolescents will be discussed in this blog.
What are the symptoms of diabetes in children and young ones?
When the pancreas fails to contain insulin, type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, develops in children. It is because sugar cannot migrate from the blood into the cells without insulin, resulting in elevated blood glucose levels.
The complications of type 1 diabetes in children are as follows –
- Excessive thirst and urination.
- Weight loss
- a fruity smell on the breath
- blurred vision
Type 2 diabetes is less common in children under the age of 18, although it will happen if insulin is not functioning correctly. Glucose will build up in the bloodstream if there is not enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur as people grow older, but it may still strike infants.
Type 2 diabetes is now being diagnosed in younger adults due to:
- Strong family history.
- Urinating more often(especially at night)
- Increased thirst
- Sudden weight loss
- Itching around the genitals
- Blurred vision as a result of eye dryness
Children and adolescents who have recently been diagnosed with Diabetes may experience emotional difficulties as a result of their disease and others’ reactions, as well as worries about returning to school.
Assisting children in developing a diabetes management regimen.
Parents and loved ones would continue to assist children with Diabetes in developing a diabetes management regimen.
It contains the following:
- Observing of blood glucose levels
- Insulin injections
- Learn how to calculate carbs
- Seeing a diabetic specialist on a daily basis
- Deal with blood glucose levels that fluctuate.
- As your child progresses through stages of life, new difficulties can emerge.
Prevention of Diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes cannot actually be prevented, but type 2 diabetes is partially preventable.
The measures below will aid in the prevention of type 2 diabetes in children:
Restrict sugary foods and drinks: Eating many sugary, or dairy products will cause weight gain and insulin problems. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by eating a well-balanced, nutrient-dense diet high in vitamins, fibre, and lean proteins.
Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight raises the risk of type 2 diabetes by increasing the likelihood of insulin resistance.
Maintain a healthy level of physical activity: Maintaining a healthy level of physical activity decreases insulin resistance and aids in the management of blood pressure.
Just 9% of parents could recognize the four significant warning signs of type 1 diabetes in their offspring, according to a 2012 study by Diabetes U.K. By 2013, the percentage had risen to 14 percent.
Any infants do not have an evaluation until their conditions have progressed to the point of becoming life-threatening. Receiving a diagnosis too late in the process may be deadly. So, take care of your children and advise them to eat healthily and be healthy.
And if still, it catches your children, take all the necessary steps to prevent it or keep it in control. I hope this article will help you out! In severe condition, reach out to your doctor.