Difference Between Type-1 & Type-2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that is affected by a large number of people across the globe. Not only adults, but the disease is also transgressing to kids and young adults as well. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. If you can detect the early symptoms, then you can protect yourself from the two types. However, the two types of diabetes have some similarities and some differences. In this article, we discuss the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Who Might Get It?

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot properly store and use glucose, which helps in the generation of energy in the human body. The children and young adults tend to pick up Type 1 diabetes. People of higher age groups generally get Type 2. In a study, it has been seen that nearly 5% of the diabetes patients develop Type 1, and the rest have Type 2.

What Are the Symptoms?

The symptom of both types of diabetes involves insulin, but scientists have studied further and segregated their occurrence and symptoms. In Type 1, the scientists say, the immune system attacks the pancreatic beta cells by mistake. The beta cells are the main constituents that produce insulin. In Type 2, the main reason behind the occurrence is that our body cells start to resist the effects of insulin. The glucose cannot enter the cells and they get mixed with blood. In Type 1, infections from childhood may play a risk factor as well. Type 2 happens to those who have a high rate of glucose in their blood.

Type 1 diabetes happens to people with a BMI of the healthy range, i.e. 19-25. Patients having BMI higher than this rate develop Type 2 diabetes. At the onset of the disease, Type 1 diabetes patients may feel an increased level of thirst and urination, with blurry vision and tiredness and fatigue. Type 2 diabetes patients also experience the same problems, the difference being that these symptoms develop over several years.


The medications for the two types are also different from one another. Type 1 Diabetes Patients, upon detection, may need to use supplemental insulin till the rest of their life. Whereas there are no absolute solutions for Type 2 diabetes. Patients need to improve their lifestyle by living sugar free life, take as little sugar as they can in their daily consumption and follow proper diet and exercise.

Is Diabetes Absolutely Curable?

Low levels of Vitamin may also play a role in the development of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Lacking vitamin D results in the dysfunction of certain functions of the body, such as immunity and insulin sensitivity. These also play a factor in the increase of risk in diabetes in a person. This is why, along with medication and exercise, you should also include oily fishes and dairy products in your daily food. Exposure in the sunshine for long is also a good source of Vitamin D.

To cure Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, you need to follow some simple steps. Currently, there is no cure for Type 1 diabetes, but on time gene therapy, regenerative medicines using stem cells or pancreatic islet transplantation may prove helpful. On the other hand, to cure Type 2 diabetes, but obese people having this disease can go for Gastric bypass treatment. This will reduce the symptoms a bit.