Artificial sweeteners are now found in tens of thousands of products, making them one of the most widely used food additives on the planet.
With zero calories, they make diet drinks and low-calorie snacks sweet enough for even the most sugar-addicted consumers to enjoy.
But, as the old saying goes, “everything that glitters is not gold.” Increasingly, research is being released that challenges the whiter-than-white image of artificial sweeteners. Consuming significant amounts of these substances may potentially contribute to obesity and metabolic issues, according to new research.
A New Look At Sweeteners
This research is the most comprehensive examination of the biochemical changes caused by artificial sweeteners in the body to date. They used a technique known as unbiased high-throughput metabolomics to get this level of detail. Metabolomics is the study of metabolic products in cells, tissues, and animals.
They wanted to know how sugar and sweeteners affect the vascular endothelium, the lining of blood vessels, in both human cells and rats. As a result, they concentrated on two sugars (glucose and fructose) as well as the zero-calorie sweeteners aspartame and acesulfame potassium. They fed the chemicals to rats and analysed them after three weeks to compare how sweet they were but how calorically resistant they are.
Surprisingly, the trials found that both sugar and artificial sweeteners hampered blood vessel function. However, these impairments were achieved in a variety of ways.
Sugar and artificial sweeteners both impacted the levels of amino acid, fats and other chemicals in the blood of rats. Artificial sweeteners, in particular, seem to alter how the body processes fat and obtains energy. More research is now required to determine what these alterations may mean in the long run. In addition, the sweetener acesulfame potassium was discovered to accumulate in the body throughout time. Blood vessel damage became more severe at high level.
We learned that your body is able to tolerate sugar in moderation. This mechanism fails as the system becomes overworked with time, according to Hoffmann. We also discovered that replacing these sugars with non-caloric artificial sweeteners induces negative changes in fat and energy metabolism.
We’re all curious: which is safer, sugar or sweeteners? But, of course, nothing is as simple as that when it comes to our internal chemistry. According to Hoffmann, “it is not as easy as quitting the use of artificial sweeteners” as a remedy to the general health concerns linked with diabetes and obesity. However, Hoffmann advises that “if you ingest these foreign chemicals (as with sugar) on a regular basis, the danger of unfavourable health outcomes increases.”
Artificial sweeteners and stevia are two entirely different products. Artificial sweeteners are manufactured from chemicals that can be damaging to your health and the health of your children, whereas stevia is a natural sweetener. Artificial sweeteners are frequently present in soda drinks, which are also highly dangerous.
Stevia is a South American plant that is related to the sugar cane plant. Stevioside is a natural sweetener found in the plant’s leaves. Stevia is often sold as a pure white powder or as a white powder combined with other natural ingredients such as maltodextrin and erythritol. Stevia can be used in a variety of foods and beverages. Stevia is a calorie-free natural sweetener that is 200 times sweeter than sugar.
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